Plastic mold structure: It mainly includes a female mold with a variable cavity composed of a female mold combined substrate, a female mold component and a female mold combined card board. A punch with a variable core composed of a cavity cut-off component and a side-cut combined plate. In order to improve the performance of plastics, various auxiliary materials, such as fillers, plasticizers, lubricants, stabilizers, colorants, etc., must be added to the polymer to become plastics with good performance.1. Synthetic resin is the most important component of plastics, and its content in plastics is generally 40% to 100%. Because of the large content and the nature of the resin often determines the nature of the plastic, people often regard the resin as a synonym for plastic. For example, confuse polyvinyl chloride resin with polyvinyl chloride plastics, and phenolic resins with phenolic plastics. In fact, resin and plastic are two different concepts. Resin is an unprocessed raw polymer that is not only used to make plastics, but also a raw material for coatings, adhesives, and synthetic fibers. In addition to a very small part of plastics that contain 100% resin, most plastics need to add other substances in addition to the main component resin. 2. Filler Filler is also called filler, which can improve the strength and heat resistance of plastics and reduce costs. For example, adding wood powder to phenolic resin can greatly reduce the cost, making phenolic plastic one of the cheapest plastics, and at the same time, it can significantly improve the mechanical strength. Fillers can be divided into two types: organic fillers and inorganic fillers, the former such as wood flour, rags, paper and various fabric fibers, and the latter such as glass fiber, diatomaceous earth, asbestos, carbon black and so on.3. Plasticizers Plasticizers can increase the plasticity and flexibility of plastics, reduce brittleness, and make plastics easier to process and shape. Plasticizers are generally high-boiling organic compounds that are miscible with resin, non-toxic, odorless, and stable to light and heat. The most commonly used are phthalate esters. For example, in the production of polyvinyl chloride plastics, if more plasticizers are added, soft polyvinyl chloride plastics can be obtained; if no or less plasticizers are added (amount <10%), rigid polyvinyl chloride plastics can be obtained .4. Stabilizer In order to prevent the synthetic resin from being decomposed and damaged by light and heat during processing and use, and to extend the service life, a stabilizer should be added to the plastic. Commonly used are stearate, epoxy resin and so on.5. Colorants Colorants can make plastics have various bright and beautiful colors. Commonly used organic dyes and inorganic pigments as colorants.6. Lubricant The role of the lubricant is to prevent the plastic from sticking to the metal mold during molding, and at the same time make the surface of the plastic smooth and beautiful. Commonly used lubricants include stearic acid and its calcium and magnesium salts. In addition to the above additives, flame retardants, foaming agents, antistatic agents, etc. can also be added to the plastic.
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